nam prik pao – thai chili paste

Nam prik pao is that wonderful, earthy chili sauce that you see on the table of just about every Thai restaurant.

It is not crazy hot. Just has that magical blend of onion, garlic, chili and fish sauce. Perfect for adding a little zing to so many dishes.

Use it with rice. With rice noodle dishes. In soups. Thai chili paste brings a little something to whatever you use it with.

Finding the right chilies for nam prik pao

Lots of Thai recipes call for dried red chilies. Go to your local Asian market and look for the bag that says “dried Thai chilies”. I bet you look for a long time. I did the first time I went looking for them.

That’s the thing about Asian grocery stores. They really don’t cater to people who don’t know what they are looking for. It’s a learning curve. I’m still learning. But I’m getting better. It comes with practice.

Here’s a tip. Google what you are looking for on your phone. Show that to the guy at the store. Or search the shelves yourself. Look for a match. I do it. I see people doing it all the time.

Flavour over fire for me

I like depth of flavour more than absolute fire. So I don’t always use Thai chilies. Maybe that makes me less authentic. But I don’t live in Thailand. And I don’t always want the top of my head blown off.

So I make nam prik pao with chau tian chilies. They’re about the size of Thai birds eye chilies. Nowhere near as hot though. Nice chili flavour. Not stupidly hot.

If you can find Thai dried red chilies, use them if you like a bit more heat. They are the real deal for nam prik pao. Both ways are good. Or mix them until you get the heat you want.

Red chilies spilling out of a bowl from above.

Roast your garlic and shallots first

You want a bit of smoky flavour in your nam prik pao. You could try grilling your shallots and garlic over charcoal. I’m told that’s what they do in Thailand. On one of those funky tao clay grills.

Or you can dry roast them in a small cast iron pan. That’s easier. And it works pretty well. Just toss the shallots and garlic in a pan over medium heat. Flip them now and then. They get all soft and a bit charred. Perfect for Thai chili paste.

Garlic, chilies and shallots on a tan dishtowel from above.

This is a simpler nam prik pao

This is pretty straightforward as far as Thai chili pastes go. Simple list of ingredients. Toasted chilies. Shallots. Garlic. Oil. Fish sauce. Maybe a little sesame oil. That’s it.

Be warned though. Grinding nap prik pao is a bit of a pain. You can use a mortar and pestle. That’s authentic. Or you can fight with your food processor. That’s still a pain. But it’s way easier than mortar and pestle.

You get a better grind with a mortar and pestle though. Like a real paste. Very hard to do that with a food processor. Up to you. I use a food processor.

Spoonful of nam prik pao above a bowl of chili paste.

Thai chili paste keeps well in the refrigerator

This recipe makes around half a cup. That’s not a lot. Takes up no room in the fridge. So make it. And keep it in the fridge. It keeps really well.

And next time you are making khao soi. Or khao pad. Or your pad Thai needs a little something extra. Pull it out. You will be glad you have it.

Table scene of chilies and nam prik pao from above.
Print Pin
4.86 from 7 votes

nam prik pao

Nam prik pao is that Thai chili paste you see everywhere. It adds a ton of flavour to anything you use it with.
Course condiment
Cuisine Thai
Keyword nam prik pao, thai chili paste
Cook Time 20 minutes
Total Time 20 minutes
Calories 570kcal
Author romain | glebekitchen


  • 3/4 cup thai dried chilies or similar
  • 8 cloves garlic unpeeled
  • 2 large shallots unpeeled
  • 1/4 cup vegetable oil
  • 1 tsp fish sauce
  • small drizzle sesame oil (optional)


  • Turn on your vent hood. This is going to get intense. Toss the chilies into a skillet and toast them over low heat. You don't want them to burn so keep your heat fairly low. They should be done after about 4 or 5 minutes. Let them cool.
  • Slice your shallots in half. Put them in a cast iron pan, cut side down, over medium heat. Add the garlic. Dry roast until the shallots start to char. While that's happening flip the garlic every minute or so.
  • When the shallots are charred (check them - there's no other way) flip them over. Keep flipping your garlic. When it's all soft remove from heat and let cool. Remove the peels on both the garlic and shallot.
  • Combine all the ingredients except the oil.
  • Now the fight starts. It is not easy to puree this stuff. You can use a small food processor. That works. Kind of. Or you can grind manually in a mortar and pestle. That works better.
  • Sometimes, when I'm using a food processor I give up and add the oil into the mix. Technically you are supposed to fry the paste in oil. But I find when you start cooking it off some of the oil comes out. And your goal is to get the oil into the paste anyway.
  • Once you have pureed it pour the oil (if you haven't already added it to the paste) into a small frying pan and heat over medium low heat.
  • When the oil starts to shimmer add the paste and fry, stirring regularly, for about 4-5 minutes. It will darken a bit and start to give off quite a rich aroma. When you get the aroma it's done. You will get it when you get there.
  • Alternately, If you added the oil to get the paste to puree transfer it to a dry pan and cook over medium low heat as above.
  • Nam prik pao stores well in a small jar for weeks in the fridge.


Calories: 570kcal | Carbohydrates: 17g | Protein: 3g | Fat: 56g | Saturated Fat: 4g | Sodium: 481mg | Potassium: 263mg | Fiber: 2g | Sugar: 5g | Vitamin A: 99IU | Vitamin C: 11mg | Calcium: 62mg | Iron: 1mg

8 thoughts on “nam prik pao – thai chili paste”

  1. 5 stars
    Hi Romain, I love how I always learn new stuff while cooking Glebe Kitchen recipes. Like dry roasting chillies. Who knew? And the wonderful rich smell they have after that. Just tonnes of fun. Thanks for making cooking great again! (No similarity with silly political slogans intended.)

  2. 5 stars
    I’ve learned a useful from the inimitable Madhur Jaffrey for when you have to process stuff like garlic, onion and dry spices together: Depending on the volume you have to process, add one to three tablespoons of water. It works without fail. I also use a stick blender,, BRAUN, to be specific, and even this recipe gave me no problems at all. I’ve made about 400g of it to use whenever I need pad prik pao.

  3. 5 stars
    Hi Romain, I just finished this recipe. In the instructions there is no clue when to add the fish sauce…I added it when frying the paste but it evaporates immediately. Or should I have added it before blending? However, my result looks and tastes fine! We’ll have it with the Mee goreng tonight. Regards, Daniel.

    • Sounds like it worked out. It goes in with the shallots, chilies and garlic before you puree. Thank you for catching that. I’ve corrected the instructions.

      Mee goreng! Yum! If you have some left over, try it in khao pad.

4.86 from 7 votes (3 ratings without comment)

Leave a Comment

Recipe Rating

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.